Thursday, 22 August 2019

Class 9 & 10 | English Grammar | An Approach To English Grammar | Lesson : 1 Simple Sentence, Compound Sentence and Complex Sentence | Part 2

Page No. 9 - 10

✏️ For Practice

1. Find out which of the following sentences are simple, which are compound and which are complex:

    (i) Hari is my brother.
    ⏺️ Simple Sentence

    (ii) Don't tell a lie.
    ⏺️ Simple sentence

    (iii) He says that the earth moves round
    the sun.
    ⏺️ Complex Sentence

    (iv) We are rich but they are poor.
    ⏺️ Compound Sentence

    (v) Where does he come from?
    ⏺️ Simple Sentence

    (vi) Though they are poor, they are
    happy.
    ⏺️ Complex Sentence.

    (vii) Some people saw the tiger and
    began to run.
    ⏺️ Compound Sentence

    (viii) He is a thief and we should punish
    him.
    ⏺️ Compound Sentence

    (ix) Unless you work hard from now,
    you will not pass the examination.
    ⏺️ Complex sentence

    (x) Please give me a piece of paper.
    ⏺️ Simple Sentence

    (xi) I know where he lives.
    ⏺️ Complex Sentence

    (xii) Walk carefully otherwise you will
    fall down.
    ⏺️ Compound Sentence

    (xiii) Reena neither sings nor dances.
    ⏺️ Compound Sentence

    (xiv) There is beautiful natural scenery
    in Darjeeling.
    ⏺️ Simple Sentence

    (xv) He did not earn much in his youth,
    therefore he will suffer in his old age.
    ⏺️ Complex Sentence

2. Find out the co - ordinate and sub - ordinate clauses in the above list of sentences.

    (iii) He says that the earth moves round
    the sun.
    ⏺️ The earth moves round the sun
    👉 sub - ordinate clause.

    (iv) We are rich but they are poor.
    ⏺️ We are rich, they are poor
    👉 co-ordinate clause

    (vi) Though they are poor, they are
    happy.
    ⏺️ Though they are poor
    👉 sub-ordinate clause

    (vii) Some people saw the tiger and
    began to run.
    ⏺️ Some people saw the tiger, Some
    people began to run
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

    (viii) He is a thief and we should punish
    him.
    ⏺️ He is a thief, we should punish him
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

    (ix) Unless you work hard from now,
    you will not pass the examination.
    ⏺️ You work hard from now, You will
    not pass the examination
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

    (xi) I know where he lives.
    ⏺️ Where he lives
    👉 Subordinate Clause

    (xii) Walk carefully otherwise you will
    fall down.
    ⏺️ Walk carefully, you will fall down
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

    (xiii) Reena neither sings nor dances.
    ⏺️ Reena neither sings, nor dances
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

    (xv) He did not earn much in his youth,
    therefore he will suffer in his old age.
    ⏺️ He will suffer in his old age, He did
    not earn much in his youth
    👉 Co-ordinate Clause

3. Fill up the blanks with suitable Subordinate conjunctions.

    (a) I don't know ...... he will come.
    ⏺️ When

    (b) ...... he was honest, he was loved by
    all.
    ⏺️As

    (c) ...... You worked hard, you will
    surely pass.
    ⏺️If

    (d) I had been waiting at the station ....
    the train arrived.
    ⏺️ Till

    (e) Mr. Baruah will not be at his office
    today, ...... it is a holiday.
    ⏺️As

    (f) We know ...... Leela is a good dancer
    ⏺️ That

    (g) I will come ...... you promise to take
    me to the cinema.
    ⏺️ If

    (h) The boy trembled ...... he spoke.
    ⏺️ As

    (i) The train had not started ...... we
    arrived at the station.
    ⏺️ Untill

    (j) Look ...... you leap.
    ⏺️ Before

    (k) Wait here ...... I come back.
    ⏺️ Untill

    (l) ...... he is rich he is not happy.
    ⏺️ Though

    (m) They did the same thing ...... I did.
    ⏺️ What